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Fred Sturm - Brazilian Soul

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Fred Sturm
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Villa-Lobos was by all accounts a prodigious, larger than life figure, explosively passionate, often impossibly difficult, uncompromising in his demands, and prolifically creative. His works for solo piano are not so well known as, say, his compositions for guitar or orchestra. But his output for piano was quite extensive, and much of it is among his best work, as the selections on this CD will make clear. Alma Brasileira - a slow, yearning melody floats above a murmuring, syncopated accompaniment. A passionate rhythmic outburst interrupts, but gradually calms and leads to a return of the opening. A Lenda do Caboclo - one of Villa-Lobos' most popular works, originally for piano it has been arranged for many instrumental combinations. Lenda is roughly equivalent to Ballad, and caboclo refers to a native person, often aboriginal or of mixed race. Ciranda means "circle dance," and the Cirandas are based on simple Brazilian tunes which are the equivalent of our "London Bridge is Falling Down," "Farmer in the Dell," "Ring Around the Rosy," and the like. The melodies are quite prominent in each piece, but they serve only as points of departure for a tour de force of invention, which uses the piano to create an amazing variety of textures and sonorities. Each of the 16 Cirandas is entirely distinct from the rest, and each stands on it's own as a jewel of the piano literature. This set of pieces is justly seen by many as a pinnacle of Villa-Lobos' output. Ciclo Brasileiro can be viewed as a day in the life of a group of Brazilian musicians. In the morning, they congregate by a field in the country, singing a "planting song." The languorous melody is accompanied by a bass, a strummed guitar, and a 'cavaquinho" (small, high-pitched guitar) playing rapid figurations. At siesta time, they return to the city, where they are joined by a larger group for a jam session. A beautifully simple waltz tune leads to bursts of virtuosity and passion, somewhat reminiscent of Ravel's La Valse, but with a Brazilian flavor. In the evening, they return to the country for a large party, where their wild rhythms and syncopation accompany dancing. At the height of the festivities, the sound of drums is heard in the shadows, and the White Indian (perhaps Villa-Lobos himself) emerges to show what real dancing is all about. Reviewer David Noble described Sturm's performance of Ciclo Brasileiro as "glorious to the max." Reviewer Margaret Barela praised Sturm's interpretation of the Cirandas for it's "wonderful transparency." Fred Sturm was not a child prodigy, did not attend a prestigious conservatory, has not performed at Carnegie Hall, and has never won nor even entered a major or minor competition. He lives in Los Ranchos de Albuquerque, New Mexico, with his wife and two cats, and supports himself as a piano technician. His predilection for Brazilian music may stem from the fact that an important formative period of his life - from conception to a month before birth - was spent in Brazil.

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1) Alma Brasileira (1925)
2) A Lenda Do Caboclo (1920)
3) Ciranda #1 Terezinha de Jesus
4) Ciranda #2 a Condessa
5) Ciranda #3 Senhora Dona Sancha
6) Ciranda #4 O Cravo Brigou Com a Rosa / Sapo Jururu
7) Ciranda #5 Pobre Cega / Toada Da Rede
8) Ciranda #6 Passa Passa Gaviao
9) Ciranda #7 XÔ XÔ Passarinho
10) Ciranda #8 Vamos Atras Da Serra Calunga
11) Ciranda #9 Fui No Tororó
12) Ciranda #10 O Pintor de Cannahy
13) Ciranda #11 Nesta Rua Nesta Rua
14) Ciranda #12 Olha O Passarinho Dominé
15) Ciranda #13 À Procura de Uma Agulha
16) Ciranda #14 a Canoa Virou
17) Ciranda #15 Que Lindos Olhos
18) Ciranda #16 CÓ CÓ CÓ
19) Ciclo Brasieiro #1 Plantio Do Caboclo
20) Ciclo Brasieiro #2 Impressões Seresteiras
21) Ciclo Brasieiro #3 Festa No Sertão
22) Ciclo Brasieiro #4 Dansa Do Indio Branco

Brazilian Soul
Main Format
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Brazilian Soul | Fred Sturm